When a tooth is extracted and not replaced, the bone level decreases over time. Bone grafting builds that bone back up so an implant can be placed. Even if you’re unsure about getting a dental implant for your missing tooth, a bone graft is a relatively inexpensive procedure that can keep your options open in the future.
Sometimes a sinus lift is necessary to build bone volume in the upper jaw before you can get an implant. Reasons for needing a sinus lift include having naturally large sinuses, bone loss due to an extraction, and bone loss due to gum disease.
Alveoloplasty reshapes and smooths out the jaw where a tooth or teeth have been extracted or lost. It’s often done during an extraction to help facilitate healing or after the site has healed but before an implant placement to make sure the shape of the jaw supports the implant.
Tori are bony growths that occur in the upper or lower jaw and can be painful or make speaking and eating difficult. They also make wearing a partial denture difficult. Fortunately, they can be removed with a laser and require minimal recovery time.
Extractions are necessary if a tooth is broken beyond repair or periodontally compromised. If a wisdom tooth is decayed or impacted, then a surgical extraction is necessary to remove it.
A basic extraction involves a local anesthetic and requires you to take it easy for at least 24 hours after your procedure. Try not to do anything strenuous and don’t drink from a straw or smoke for at least 48 hours so a clot can form in the socket to help it heal.
Sometimes wisdom teeth need to be removed because they are hard to keep clean or they are causing surrounding teeth to shift due to the pressure from not having enough room to accommodate them.
Impacted wisdom teeth are stuck below the gums. If they’re completely below the gum, they might grow at an angle and put pressure on surrounding teeth causing pain. They might also be partially sticking out of the gums, but this makes it easier for bacteria to get below the gumline and cause decay or infection.